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    巧用艾宾浩斯记忆法 学习事半功倍
    发布:佚名  字号:正常   阅读:  发布日期:2021-06-14 19:59

      1。 什么是Ebbinghaus记忆方法

      大家都知道,信息输入大脑后,遗忘开始了。随着时间的流逝,遗忘率先增加,然后减慢,尤其是在短短的时间里,我才想起最快的忘记这就是著名的埃宾豪斯遗忘曲线。遵循Ebbinghaus遗忘曲线所揭示的记忆定律,及时回顾所学知识,该存储方法是Ebbinghaus存储方法。

      及时回顾和自我评估所学知识和记忆效应是Ebbinghaus记忆方法的主要方法。

      2。 Ebbinghaus记忆方法的好处

      Binhaus记忆方法可有效记忆任何学习材料,可以大大提高内存效率,收到了倍增记忆效应。

      记忆不是最终目标,这只是一种手段记忆的目的是保留识别和解决问题的能力。如何知道已经记住了多少信息,容量储备如何?如果您想巩固所学知识,必须及时进行审查; 如果您想了解记忆效应,自检应该经常进行,自检也是不错的评价,它们都是Ebbinghaus存储方法的特定应用程序。

      复查和自检的好处主要体现在以下几个方面:

      1。 及时审查,可以抓住最佳时机来记住; 经常自检,可以找出哪些知识没有被很好地学习或记住,在容易混淆且容易出错的地方,为了立即核对更正。

      2。 及时检查并进行频繁的自检,可以培养我们应对变化的能力。考试期间考试问题常常会改变观点,It is very different from the original study.If you use self-testing frequently,To understand and digest the knowledge learned from many aspects,Will surely be confident,Don't panic at the moment.

      3. Several specific forms of Ebbinghaus memory method

      (1) In terms of time arrangement,The review and self-test can be done regularly or at any time,Review and self-test can be combined,For the knowledge learned,Take a self-test after a while,Will not,Or if you don't remember well, review the key points again.

      1。 Regular review and self-test: that is, make a review and self-test plan for the courses and knowledge you have learned.Then execute it on time.

      ①Daily test: before going to bed every night,You should retell the main points of the knowledge you learned that day,If conditions do not permit,It is fine to write the outline silently or to meditate on it.

      ②Weekly test: Closed on Sunday,You can ask questions from a different perspective on the content of the courses learned in the past week.Test yourself on a piece of paper,Find that there are problems or ambiguities,Resolve immediately,Never default.

      ③Unit test: You have finished learning a unit,You can self-test what are the main contents of this unit,What are the gains after learning,So as to digest in time,Consolidate memory.

      ④Entire book test: After studying a book,You can open the catalog,Recall the content one by one,On the basis of unit testing,The whole book test is not a big problem.If there is no time,您可以选择这些重要内容,然后继续进行。

      2。 随时进行测试:这意味着可以随时进行测试, 任何地方。

      这种方法对于学习外语是有效的。首先准备一些卡片,在前面写5个外语单词,背面写5个对应的中文单词,您可以随时随地测试自己。自测方法有两种:①阅读法:在不妨碍他人的前提下,您可以阅读外语中文,读中文和读外语,当我真的想不起来的时候翻过来看看再次确认。②学习写作:不写作就很难记住学习外语。而且, 不练习写作就无法翻译。您可以在卡上用中文写出相应的外语单词。但,在很多情况下,不允许坐着写东西,怎么做?我建议您尝试以下方法:在礼堂听报告, 在会议之前, 在车站, 在商店排队时,您可以手指朝下空中书写。您可以在没有卡的情况下随时进行自检,该看什么,只是尝试用外语表达,或在您的脑海中默默地阅读。这样, 用了一点时间您将获得分散审查的良好效果。

      (2)从复习和自我测试的角度来看,它可以采用5种形式, 例如审判和记忆。

      1. 尝试回想一下:尝试回想一下您在脑海中学到的东西。有人称这为“电影”,This is a way to force yourself to concentrate on thinking.Psychological experiments show thatIt is better to try to remember than to memorize it over and over again.For example, there is an experiment: let two groups of test takers learn the same text at the same time,The first set of reading is combined with the taste of memories,The second group spent the entire time rereading.result,Test immediately and test 4 hours later,The first group is better than the second group.Then,How to master the time for reading and recall?Experiments show thatThe more time you spend trying to reminisce,The better the results.The specific approach is,After reading or reading to a certain level,Close the book and try to remember,Check the original text immediately wherever it is blurred.It can also be a period of time after studying,Try to memorize the specific content that should be remembered.At this time,The recaller will be in a positive mental state,Not only focus,And full of interest.at the same time,After proofreading and verification,Be able to understand their weaknesses in time,In order to focus on remembering those unfamiliar materials.

      2. Conversation and controversy: discussing the knowledge learned.Zhuangzi said: ”Knowledge is out of contention",This makes a lot of sense.Talking and arguing,Aims to explain one's own point of view,Explain objective things and objective phenomena.chat,You have to understand the other person's opinion,Inspiration can be drawn from it; when arguing,It is easy to expose the weak links in their knowledge structure.In the process of talking and arguing,Both sides will deepen the impression,The wrong was corrected,Correctly recognized,The memory is consolidated.Besides,Personal contact is always limited,Arguing through conversation,Can expand the field of vision,Brainstorming,Increase knowledge and talents.

      Many celebrities are willing to talk and argue,When Einstein first studied knowledge,I often talk and argue with friends such as Solovin and Habicht,With the help of friends,Einstein mastered "Riemannian geometry",Laid the foundation for proposing the theory of relativity.They called the place where they talked and argued "Olympia Academy of Sciences".Conversation and argument is an effective way to test oneself, train thinking, and deepen memory.

      3. Ask questions and answer: "If I were a teacher,How will I write questions to test students?What do I want students to master?"If you often ask yourself some questions,Ask and answer questions from multiple angles,Will receive unexpected results.

      In Sverdlov Village, Moscow Region, the Soviet Union, Nadya.Students of Mahova,I often assume that 我是老师,And prepared teaching notes,Write a list of students on it,I acted as a student to answer questions,Score each answer.After a period of time,Nadya discovered: "Once upon a time,Geography class is like hard labor to me.And now,我放学回来的时候我只想立即完成作业,擅长阅读地理。为什么会这样呢?因为当我这样做时我以为,I am a teacher,代替学生所以我变得很感兴趣。为了防止我对地理的兴趣减少,我想继续做教学笔记一年。"

      进行自我测试问是主要问题,您必须始终考虑提问的形式, 质疑的角度, 以及询问的要求。这将起作用。

      4, 尝试与他人交谈:做个丈夫,首先成为学生。当准备告诉别人时,您必须先自己了解它。列夫托尔斯泰曾经说过:“知识,只有当它来自积极思考而不是来自记忆时,是真正的知识。“准备讲话的过程就是运用这种积极思考的过程。告诉别人大多数情况下, 用你自己的语言而且你不能像鹦鹉一样背诵它。这就要求我们不仅要了解真相,要知道为什么不仅需要全面,熟练地掌握知识,用你自己的话来表达。试图告诉别人就是强迫自己去理解一些似是而非的问题。巩固并增强您的记忆力。

      5, 实践测试:常用于实际工作和生活中的知识,The memory is deep.From the perspective of neurophysiological mechanism,The more frequently the knowledge is used,The more profound the traces left by the cerebral cortex,The temporary nerve connection is stronger.Used more times,Between the abstract information symbols memorized by the learner and the corresponding practical activities,Will produce the conditioned reflection of the closely connected second signal system,The memorized information can be easily extracted.

      Source: Elementary and Secondary Education Network